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A rabbit’s large front teeth are one of its most distinguishing characteristics. Because rabbit teeth continue to grow throughout their lifetimes, maintaining their dental health is an important aspect of keeping them healthy and happy. How many teeth do rabbits have?

Rabbits have 28 teeth that include incisors and cheek teeth. As herbivores, the cheek teeth comprise both premolars and molars adapted for chomping and chewing on natural foods like grass and hay.

We’ll go over all you need to know about your pet rabbit’s teeth in this article. We also provide helpful tips on how to care for your rabbit’s teeth. We look at the dental problems that rabbits are prone to, as well as the indicators of dental disease to keep an eye out for. We also respond to all of your questions.

 

How Many Teeth Do Rabbits Have

Dentition of Lagomorphs

Rabbits, like humans, are diphyodont, which means they have two sets of teeth throughout their lifetimes. In young rabbits, 16 deciduous milk teeth are replaced by 28 permanent teeth, which include:

  • 6 incisors
  • 10 premolars
  • 12 molars

How Many Teeth Do Rabbits Have?

Let’s have a quick tour inside your rabbit’s mouth.

Rabbits have six incisors: two large ones on top, two large ones on the bottom, and two tiny peg teeth behind the upper incisors. The incisors meet in a scissoring motion that cuts through vegetation, with the upper incisors in front of the lower ones. A diastema is a flat gap behind the incisors that is devoid of teeth.

Molars or cheek teeth are found farther back in your rabbit’s mouth. On each side, there are six on the top and five on the bottom. Rabbit teeth are all quite long, although the bulk of them are hidden inside the jawbones. o

The crown refers to the piece of the tooth that is visible above the gum line, while the root refers to the portion of the tooth that is visible below the gumline. The molars’ edges contact at an angle, and the jaw rotates from side to side to break food.

Rabbits Teeth Never Stop Growing

Rabbits have aradicular hypsodont teeth, which implies that the large incisors, also known as elodont dentition, continue to grow. Each year, these teeth can grow 3 to 5 inches. The only animals that have open-root teeth are rabbits and rodents.

 

Are Rabbits Born with Teeth?

Rabbits do not have teeth when they are born. For at least the first eight weeks of their life, they will survive and feed on their mother’s milk. By the time the baby bunnies are 19 to 21 days old, their deciduous teeth will have formed, and they will begin grazing on hay.

The baby bunnies will be eating the same meals as their mother within a month after birth. With weaning possible at the two-month mark, the newborn teeth will be capable of grinding down the plant offered for food.

 

How to Care For Your Rabbit’s Teeth

Diet

Because rabbit teeth are always growing, maintaining their health requires a high-fiber diet and enough chewing elements. A rabbit’s diet should consist of around 80% grass/good quality hay, leafy greens, fruit, vegetables, and pellets should be included for a well-balanced diet.

Chew Toys

Rabbits have a natural desire to chew. You may meet rabbits’ chewing urges and help them wear down their teeth by supplying them with safe rabbit chew toys.

Regular Dental Check-Ups

Your bunny’s teeth should also be examined regularly. Because rabbits have tiny mouths and are often agitated, it is impossible to examine more than the incisors at home. Regular dental examinations by a vet allow for a thorough evaluation of all teeth, ensuring that developing dental issues are not overlooked.

 

Dental Disease in Rabbits

Dental issues are one of the most common reasons your rabbit may need to see a veterinarian. Rabbits, being prey animals, try to mask their discomfort and pain to avoid becoming a target for predators. Early detection is crucial for relieving your rabbit’s suffering.

Common signs and symptoms include:

  • Weight loss
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weepy eyes
  • Drooling
  • Diarrhea or soft stools
  • A soiled bottom (grooming becomes difficult and painful)
  • Grinding of the teeth
  • A protruding jawline
  • Teeth that are too long, misshapen, or damaged.

Note: If your rabbit is experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

Types of Dental Diseases

Various dental issues can affect your pet rabbits.

Malocclusions

Malocclusions, or misaligned teeth, are serious conditions that affect your pet rabbit’s health. The top and lower teeth are misaligned to prevent your rabbit’s teeth from wearing down during regular eating. This is where the issue arises. Upper incisors grow inward into the mouth, whereas lower incisors grow outward.

Dwarf breeds with smaller skulls are more prone to hereditary malocclusions.

Tooth Root Abscess

A tooth root abscess is an infection that occurs around the root of a tooth where it meets the bone. Tooth root abscesses are painful and difficult to treat. Your rabbit may recover well if a dental root abscess is diagnosed early and treated appropriately; however, many tooth root abscesses never completely heal.

Periodontitis

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disorder induced by the production of bacterial biofilms on teeth, which leads to connective tissue attachment loss and alveolar bone resorption.

Mandibular Prognathism

Mandibular prognathism is a jaw abnormality that affects dwarf and lop breeds, causing primary incisor malocclusion and overgrowth. The condition can be recognized at an early age in these individuals. In moderate cases, the mandibular incisors often get straighter, preventing the condition from being corrected.

The maxillary incisors are not worn, but contact with the jaw sustains occlusal pressure, allowing the teeth to continue their tight spiral curve of development, eventually entering the palate or cheek if untreated. Crown reduction or, preferably, incisor extraction is recommended for afflicted animals regularly.

Dental Caries

The deterioration and demineralization of a tooth caused by bacterial infection are known as Dental Caries. Pathogenic bacteria create acid, which erodes the enamel and dentine, destroying tooth tissue and producing holes in the tooth’s surface. This can lead to tooth loss, root infection, and discomfort.

Rabbit's Teeth

(Source)

 

Frequently Asked Questions

How Quickly Do Rabbits Teeth Grow?

Rabbit. Rabbit teeth are ‘open-rooted,’ meaning they naturally have fast-growing teeth which are approximately 2mm per week. The best way to wear down your bunny’s teeth is by grinding away at food and toys.

When Should Rabbit Teeth Be Trimmed?

Trimming is required at least once a month for certain rabbit breeds. However, because this surgery can be stressful for rabbits, your veterinarian may recommend that the maloccluded teeth be removed entirely. In the case of abscesses and other significant dental diseases, extraction is also indicated.

Do You Have To Cut Rabbit Teeth?

Pet rabbits often need to have their teeth manually cut due to a number of health, environmental, and genetic factors. While all of your rabbit’s teeth can become overgrown, the incisors are the easiest to spot when they do.

Look After Your Rabbit’s Teeth

As responsible rabbit owners, it is your responsibility to ensure that your rabbit’s teeth remain healthy. Providing your pet rabbits with a healthy diet that consists mainly of hay, providing your bunnies with chew toys, and inspecting the general health of the teeth can help prevent dental diseases and overgrown teeth.

Be sure to regularly visit the vet to check not only the overall health of your rabbit but also your beloved pet’s dental health.

 

 

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Sarah Logan

Sarah Logan is the Editor here at The Bunny Hub. Sarah is a long-time bunny lover having kept pet rabbits since early childhood. With over 35 years of experience caring for fluffy-tailed, lop-eared friends, Sarah wanted to create a space dedicated to providing expert advice on not only general care, but proper nutrition, and, the best products and accessories every serious owner needs. Here you will find everything you need to make informed decisions in all aspects of becoming a proud rabbit owner. We do all the hard work for you. We research and test out the latest products, then we tell you about our discoveries. From choosing the right breed of bunny for your family, to making purchases you won’t regret for the important things like a hutch for your fur baby to live in. We’re here to make sure you have all the information you need to give your bunny and happy and healthy life.

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