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Kale is rated one of the most nutritious plant-based foods to date. While it’s a healthy option for us, you may be wondering, can rabbits eat kale? The answer is simple: yes, rabbits can eat kale. Kale is a safe leafy green vegetable for rabbits to eat on occasion, but not every day. 

Kale is considered a superfood and is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals. It also contains plant-based compounds that are beneficial to a rabbit’s health. We will discuss the benefits of kale for your pet rabbit, as well as the potential risks. We’ll also delve into the nutritional value of kale for their diet and answer your burning questions.

Can Rabbits Eat Kale infographic


Is Kale a Safe Leafy Green Vegetable for Rabbits?

To understand the nutritional significance of kale for rabbits, let’s look at the nutritional values. Kale is a leafy green vegetable that contains a large amount of water, plus it’s an exceptional source of vitamins A, C, K, and B6. It’s also rich in minerals such as iron, potassium, copper, calcium, and fiber. 

Kale contains high levels of calcium and should be fed in small quantities. Rabbits can eat kale up to two or three times a week, and it’s best to combine it with a mixture of leafy green vegetables. Rotating a variety of leafy green vegetables daily will keep your pet rabbit healthy and happy.

Rabbits with digestive issues, baby rabbits, and juvenile rabbits should not be fed kale. Pregnant and lactating mother rabbits can enjoy smaller portions of kale. Younger rabbits’ digestive systems are still developing, so they are unable to process fruit and vegetables and should only be fed hay.

Introducing Kale To a Rabbit’s Diet

Since rabbits have a complex digestive system, it is best to introduce new foods like kale to them slowly. Rabbits are grazers, which means they are constantly eating. Always ensure that your rabbit gets its daily recommended amount of hay. 

Rabbits older than 12 weeks can start eating kale. Always introduce new foods to your rabbit slowly. Doing so will prevent your rabbit from any digestive upsets. Monitor your rabbit for the next 24 hours for any signs of bloating, diarrhea, or discomfort. If you notice any symptoms, stop feeding your rabbit kale and only offer hay to reset their digestive system.


Be sure to wash the kale thoroughly to remove any harmful herbicides and pesticides. Mix the recommended amount of kale with other leafy green vegetables. Do not mix kale with other vegetables high in oxalates, such as spinach, beets, swiss chard, parsley, and radish tops.


The Benefits of Kale for Rabbits

The great news is that your rabbit benefits from eating kale. It’s a good source of iron, which carries oxygen that is distributed to the body. Iron also produces blood and enzymes essential to a rabbit’s health.

Vitamins A, C, and K are essential vitamins for the health of your rabbit’s bone development and healthy teeth. 

Kale is a good treat for overweight rabbits. The combination of vitamins and nutrients in kale converts into energy. This allows them to run around and play to their heart’s content and lose fat at the same time.

The high water content found in kale will keep your rabbit hydrated, but remember your rabbit needs clean drinking water available to them at all times. 


The Risks of Eating Too Much Kale

As much as there are benefits to your rabbit consuming kale, there are risks too. 

Kale is high in oxalates. Oxalates are organic acids that build up in your rabbit’s digestive system. Too many oxalates can cause bladder stones and kidney damage in rabbits. This is why kale needs to be fed to your rabbits two to three times a week.

Overfeeding your rabbit kale can lead to gastrointestinal issues. Rotten, wilted, and spoiled kale should also not be fed to your rabbit, as it will upset the flora in their digestive tract. This can lead to the development of diarrhea, gas, and painful bloating. Should your rabbit have diarrhea for more than 24 hours, seek medical attention immediately.

Kale is also rich in calcium. Too much calcium can lead to rabbits developing painful kidney stones, bladder stones, urinary issues, and bladder sludge. Unlike most mammals, rabbits cannot eliminate excess calcium through their bowel movements. Rabbits excrete excess calcium through the renal tract, which makes their urine look milky in appearance. 



Can Rabbits Eat Kale Every Day?

It’s not safe to feed kale to rabbits every day. Kale is high in oxalates, and an excess of oxalates can cause kidney damage in rabbits. The recommended serving is two or three times a week. The amount of kale offered should be the same size as your rabbit’s head.

Can Rabbits Eat Frozen Kale?

It is safe for rabbits to consume raw kale that’s in a frozen state. Only give your rabbit frozen kale on a hot summer day. 

Can Rabbits Eat the Stems of Kale?

Yes, rabbits can eat the stems of kale. Some rabbits like the bitter taste, while some rabbits do not.

Can Rabbits Eat Dehydrated Kale?

Dehydrated kale without added fat or flavorings is good for rabbits. Kale chips made with oil and seasonings should be avoided.

Can Rabbits Eat Cooked Kale?

It is not safe to feed your rabbit cooked kale or any other cooked vegetable. A rabbit’s digestive system cannot process any cooked foods, and this will cause a blockage in their digestive tract.

newborn brown rabbits


Final Thoughts

Kale is a healthy and nutritious leafy green vegetable that’s safe for your rabbit to eat as a treat, and frozen kale is okay to give them on a hot summer’s day. Rabbits older than 12 weeks can eat the recommended amount of kale, and it’s great for overweight rabbits.

Remember that rabbits have a sensitive digestive system, so always introduce new foods slowly to avoid digestive upsets. Offer some kale to your bunny and see how they react. It might become their favorite treat.




Sarah Logan

Sarah Logan is the Editor here at The Bunny Hub. Sarah is a long-time bunny lover having kept pet rabbits since early childhood. With over 35 years of experience caring for fluffy-tailed, lop-eared friends, Sarah wanted to create a space dedicated to providing expert advice on not only general care, but proper nutrition, and, the best products and accessories every serious owner needs. Here you will find everything you need to make informed decisions in all aspects of becoming a proud rabbit owner. We do all the hard work for you. We research and test out the latest products, then we tell you about our discoveries. From choosing the right breed of bunny for your family, to making purchases you won’t regret for the important things like a hutch for your fur baby to live in. We’re here to make sure you have all the information you need to give your bunny and happy and healthy life.

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